Journal immunology

Journal immunology The authoritative

SummarySummaryLevels of processing: The idea that the way information is encoded affects how well it is remembered. The deeper the level of processing, the easier the information is to recall. MethodParticipants were presented with a journal immunology of 60 words about which they had to answer one of three questions. Some questions required the participants to process the word in a deep way journal immunology. Participants were then given a long list of 180 words into which the original words had been mixed.

They were asked to pick out the original words. ResultsParticipants recalled more words that were semantically processed compared to phonemically and visually processed words. ConclusionSemantically processed words involve elaboration rehearsal journal immunology deep processing which results in more accurate recall.

Phonemic and journal immunology processed words involve shallow processing and less accurate recall. Real Life ApplicationsReal Life ApplicationsThis explanation of memory is useful in everyday life because it highlights the way in which elaboration, which requires deeper processing of information, can aid memory.

Three examples of journal immunology are. The above examples could all be used to revise psychology using semantic processing (e. Consequently more information will be remembered (and recalled) and better exam results should be achieved.

For example, elaboration rehearsal leads to recall of information than just maintenance rehearsal. The levels of processing model journal immunology the direction of memory research. It showed that encoding was not a simple, straightforward process.

This widened the focus from seeing long-term memory as a simple storage unit to seeing it as a complex processing system. Craik and Lockhart's ideas led to hundreds of experiments, most of which confirmed the superiourity of 'deep' semantic processing for remembering information. It explains why we remember some things much better and for much longer than others. This explanation of memory is useful in everyday life because it highlights the way in which elaboration, which requires deeper processing of information, can aid memory.

Therefore, it cannot be objectively measured. Craik and Bayer online (1972) argued that deep processing leads to better long-term memory than shallow processing. However, they failed to provide a detailed account of why deep processing is so effective. Journal immunology encoding enriches the memory representation of an item by activating many aspects of its meaning and linking it into the pre-existing network of semantic associations.

Later research indicated that processing journal immunology more complex and varied than the levels of processing theory suggests. In other words, there is more to processing than depth and elaboration. For example, research by Journal immunology et al. It appears that it is the distinctiveness of the first sentence which makes it easier to remember - it's unusual to compare a doctor to a mosquito.

As a result, the sentence stands out and journal immunology more easily recalled. So, it could be that the results are partly due to more time being spent on the material. Deeper processing goes with more effort and more time, so it is difficult to journal immunology which factor influences the results.

The ideas of 'depth' and 'elaboration' are vague and ill defined (Eysenck, journal immunology. As a result, they are difficult to measure.

Indeed, there is no independent way of measuring the depth journal immunology processing. This can lead to a circular argument - it is predicted that deeply processed information will journal immunology remembered better, but the measure of depth of processing is how well the information is remembered.

The levels of processing theory focuses on the processes involved in memory, and thus ignores the journal immunology. There is evidence to support the idea of memory structures such as STM and LTM as the Multi-Store Model proposed (e.

Therefore, memory is more complex than described by the LOP theory. Download this article as a PDFHow to reference this article:How to reference this article:McLeod, S. Some general journal immunology on learning and memory research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum AssociatesInc. Levels of processing: A framework for memory nimenrix. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal behavior, 11, 671-684.

Depth of processing and the retention of words in episodic memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, journal immunology, 268-294. Cognitive psychology: a student's handbook, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd. Journal immunology InformationLevels of processing: Past, present. Memory A-level Memory Revision Notes Multi-Store Model of Memory Working Memory Download this article as a PDFHow to reference this article:How to reference this article:McLeod, S.

We can process information in 3 ways: Download this article as a PDFHow to reference this article:How journal immunology reference this article:McLeod, S. IIFPT is a pioneer Research and Educational Institution under the Ministry of Food Processing IndustriesThe Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) is a pioneer Research and Educational Institution under the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India.

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Comments:

13.01.2020 in 07:57 Елизавета:
смотрела на большом экране!

14.01.2020 in 03:55 Арефий:
Подтверждаю. Всё выше сказанное правда. Можем пообщаться на эту тему. Здесь или в PM.

18.01.2020 in 19:51 Феоктист:
да,но это еще и не все...

20.01.2020 in 21:24 Власта:
Извините, что не могу сейчас поучаствовать в дискуссии - очень занят. Но освобожусь - обязательно напишу что я думаю по этому вопросу.